by José Gómez Peñate, CEM & Pishum Migraine
Baby turtles released by members of the NGO “Marine Species Conservation” (CEM) and watched by tourists on the beach of Mani-Kablaké, south-western Ivory Coast
Good news for marine turtles and their habitats.
The blue solution “Conservation of marine turtles and improved human well-being” from Ivory Coast was one of the 28 projects presented at the “Regional Forum on solutions for oceans, coasts and human well-being in Africa” organized last spring by the Blue Solutions Initiative in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The following story illustrates the relevance of regional events of this kind to foster new partnerships and enable practitioners to move forward in addressing marine and coastal challenges.
Ivory Coast has no less than 240 officially recognized protected areas, ranging from Classified Forests to National Parks, through to World Heritage Sites and Reserves. Yet until now, no Marine Protected Area (MPA) has ever been declared in the country, suggesting that serious obstacles were opposing the creation of MPAs. For this reason, José Gómez Peñate, marine turtle conservation project manager at the NGO “Conservation of Marine Species” (CEM), had never been seriously considering this form of protection as a potential conservation tool for the implementation area of his project, in the south west of Ivory Coast. But that was before he participated in the Blue Solutions Forum last June.
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By Dorothée Herr, IUCN Marine Programme
Oceans have so far not been discussed front and centre at UN climate conferences. Nature-based solutions to climate change have been mainly discussed as part of the climate convention (UNFCCC) with a focus on terrestrial and forest ecosystems. But the situation has certainly changed this year. The Ocean’s call for climate and the strong mobilisation of civil society and scientists have given long-awaited prominence to oceans. Marine and coastal ecosystems are the Earth’s first life insurance, the first aid agency: 50% of the global population live near the coasts and on islands; if it wasn’t for the absorption of heat by the ocean, 93% the atmosphere would be about 36°C now; the oceans capture 25% of CO2 each year. Continue reading
by Marie Fischborn
Tiny island near Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia © M Fischborn
The northern Pacific Ocean is a seemingly endless stretch of water, scattered with thousands of islands and atolls, which average a third of a square mile in size. However, these Small-Island Developing States (SIDS) are also “Large Ocean Countries” – with their combined marine territories covering an area the size of the continental United States. Climate change impacts are immediate – not as something to be expected in a distant future – they are impacting water and food security, migration patterns, economic activities and many other realities of life.
The summer school Marine Protected Areas – Management Challenges took place in Dakar, Senegal, from December 4- 8 2014. The summer school was organized as part of the AWA project (Ecosystem approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West-African waters) by the Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT), the Thünen Institute (TI), the Institut de Recherche pour le Development (IRD), the University of Cape Verde, and supported by Blue Solutions.
The meeting brought together 24 participants from Angola, Benin, Cape-Verde Islands, Cameroon, Germany, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo as well as 14 local and international lecturers, to exchange experiences and tools for the management of Marine Protected Areas (MPA). The five days covered issues such as management and governance models, MPA networks, tools for monitoring and spatial planning and case studies from West African MPAs. Continue reading
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has concluded its sixth World Parks Congress (WPC) in Sydney, Australia, with the release of “The Promise of Sydney”. This global event, held only once every 10 years, delivered proven solutions and promises to achieve conservation and development goals under the Congress theme “Parks, people, planet: inspiring solutions”. It brought together over 6,000 participants from more than 170 countries to share knowledge and innovation and set the global agenda for protected area management.
“Learning from proven success in marine and coastal resource management” is a core objective of the Blue Solutions Initiative. To enable such learning, the Initiative is developing and trialling approaches for integrating “solutions” into marine management training formats.
IUCN, one of the Blue Solutions implementing partners, co-convened, together with the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) and the Coral Triangle Center (CTC), a training workshop on marine protected area (MPA) governance in Bali, Indonesia, in September 2014. The workshop built on the recent success stories in coastal and marine resource management from across many of Indonesia’s 7,000 Islands.
The workshop brought together about 150 MPA practitioners, government officials and staff of national training institutions. Continue reading
By Patrick Schwab
Director Mundita Lim, BMB of DENR, Government of the Philippines
On May 26, the official closing event of the “Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal Areas” (ACCCoast) project financed by the German Federal Environment Ministry (BMUB), took place at the BE Resort Mactan, Punta Engaño, Mactan Island, Cebu City. It concluded a successful three year cooperation between the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and German Development Organization for International Cooperation, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, together with Rare Inc., the Marine Environmental Research Foundation (MERF) Inc. of the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute (UP-MSI), local government units (LGUs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the academe.
The ACCCoast project conducted activities that are focused on improving the governance of marine protected areas (MPAs) for increased climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation. This was accomplished by supporting the development of national climate change adaptation strategies and the implementation of selected measures to increase the resiliency of the coastal environment and communities. Continue reading
Some 1500 participants from around the world gathered to discuss solutions for the conservation and sustainable development of our oceans.
Marseille, 25 October 2013. Every four years, the International Marine Protected Areas Congress brings together major maritime stakeholders from around the globe. Co-organized by IUCN and the French Marine Protected Areas Agency, IMPAC3 was held from October 21-15 in Marseille, France. Continue reading
16 October 2013. The final report of the Blue Ribbon Panel “Indispensable Ocean: Aligning Ocean Health and Human Well-Being” was released. It emphasizes that without public-private collaboration to turn around the declining health of the ocean, consequences for economies, communities and ecosystems would be irreversible.